Tuṣetrjál or Steppe Alasian was a mutually intelligible dialect of Ála spoken by the Steppe Alasians, a people that descended from the Ancient Ála. It was their vernacular until their major migration eastwards circa EA 280, when it is generally considered to have split into a different language. By EA 500, Tuṣetrjál had spawned three distinct languages: Sukr'ál, Ravnáð and Kǫtnyaað.


Tuṣetrjál was the endonym for the dialect of the Pwárá Tuṣetrjálwo, the Steppe Alasians. The tribe's name means "Ála People from the Heartland" (pwárá 'people' tuṣet 'midland' -ri 'name suffix' -ál 'Ála, people' -wo 'linking suffix').

Phonological ChangesEdit

Although Tuṣetrjál was mutually intelligible with the Coastal varieties by EA 0, it suffered many changes, the origin of which are uncertain.

The following table shows which were the phonological mutations, at large, from Proto-Ála to Proto-Steppe-Ála.

Process PSÁ
Rhoticization l ɾ
Hardening r ɽ͡r
Assimilation nʲ tʲ ɲ c
Lenition ts tɕ s ɕ
Lengthening s ɕ sː ɕː
Centralization y ɯ æ ʉ ɨ a
Rounding ɑ ɒ

Phoneme InventoryEdit

These changes produced a new system, albeit not unique, that comprised:

Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasals m n ɲ ŋ
Stops p t c k
Fricatives s sː ɕ ɕː x
Rhotics r ɽ͡r
Approximants w j
Front Center Back
High i ɨ ʉ u
Mid e ẽ o õ
Low a ɒ


Tuṣetrjál also started to develop an allophony system rather distinct from the original language. Many of these features were the source of phonemic shifts in descendant languages in the PSÁ branch of Ála.

Phoneme Environment Phone Comments
ŋ _R ŋg
ŋ #_wV , $_wV g
_C² Assimilation
ɾ _# ð
sː ɕː _# st̚ ɕc̚

C - Consonant; N - Nasals; R - Rhotics